2020高考:双写词尾+-ing的78个英语动词
2019
08/23
09:38

    高考英语:78个动词双写词尾+-ing(如bid, spin朗文词典解析)

    一般来说,单词以下辅音字母【l】【b】【d】【m】【n】【p】【r】【t】结尾,且重读其前的元音,元音字母前为辅音字母,需要双写词尾的辅音字母,再加-ing。

    如babysit, babysitting,以t结尾,且重读sit中的i,其前为s,构成重读闭音节,故双写词尾的t,从而构成babysitting。

    如opening读作【'əʊpənɪg】,因为重音在o,而不是open中的e,故不双写词尾n。

    这里的例外情况有

    1)aw, ew, ow(如单词draw, chew, snow);

    2)类似的是ay, ey, oy, uy(如单词bay, key, boy)

    3)字母xi结尾时,通常读作ks,所以mix,fix, box也不双写词尾-ing。

    这里所写内容,均以高考英语(3500词)为范围。

    4个-l结尾的单词

    control, quarrel, travel, equal——也都可以不双写词尾,直接添加-ing即可。

    78个动词双写词尾+-ing trek,

    beg, dig, drag, hug, plug, wag,

    infer, occur, prefer, refer, transfer, star, stir,

    rob, rub, sob

    clap, nap, tap, trap, wrap,

    dip, drip, ship, skip, slip, step, tip, trip,

    drop, mop, pop, shop, stop, top,

    ban, begin, plan, pin, run, spin, win, swim

    bid, forbid, rid, nod

    bet, forget, get, let, net, pet, regret, set, upset, wet,

    babysit, hit, fit, quit, knit, sit, split, spit, admit, permit, submit, transmit

    cut, shut, put, chat, pat, spot, rot, dot,

    相应单词的过去式、过去分词、现在分词形式

    1. control, equal, quarrel, travel——也都可以不双写词尾,直接添加-ing即可。

    control, controlled, controlled, controlling控制;支配/指挥/管理,管制/约束

    equal, equalled, equalled, equalling(英式),equaled, equaled, equaling(美式)

    (在大小、数字、数量上)等于,与...相同

    quarrel, quarrelled, quarrelled, quarrelling(英式),quarreled, quarreled, quarreling

    争吵,吵架,争执(quarrel about sth, quarrel with sth不同意;抱怨)

    travel, travelled, travelled, travelling(英式),traveled, traveled,traveling(美式)

    (尤指长途)旅行;走过(某距离),(以某速度)行进;传播

    2. trek, treckked, trekked, trekking(非正式)

    艰苦跋涉(尤指徒步长途旅行)(相当于hike);

    (尤在山中)远足,徒步旅行

    beg, begged, begged, begging乞求,恳求,哀求;行乞/讨要/乞讨(beggar乞丐)

    dig, dug, dug, digging挖(土),掘(洞);翻找/搜寻

    drag, dragged, dragged, dragging拖/拉;硬拉/硬拖/硬拽;拖沓

    hug, hugged, hugged, hugging拥抱(=embrace);抱住(自己的身体);(衣服)贴(身)

    plug, plugged, plugged, plugging填满/堵塞/塞住;宣传/推销(名词时:插头,塞子)

    wag, wagged, wagged, wagging(狗)摇(尾巴);摇/摆动(手指或头,尤指表不赞同)

    infer, inferred, inferred, inferring(根据资料)推断,推定

    occur, occurred, occurred, occurring发生;存在(名词:occurrence事件)

    prefer, preferred, preferred, preferring更喜欢

    形容词preferable更好的/更合适的/更可取的

    副词preferably最好是

    名词preference偏爱/偏好;优待/优惠/优先(权)

    refer, referred, referred, referring

    refer to sb/sth提到/谈到;参考/查看/查阅;涉及/关于

    refer sb/sth to sb把某人介绍给某人,把某事物交给某人

    refer sb to sth(正式)叫某人去某处(查阅资料)

    transfer, transferred, transferred, transferring

    转移(地方)/调动(工作);(正式)搬运/迁移;(使)运动员转会/转队

    star, starred, starred, starring担任主角,主演;给...加上星号

    stir, stirred, stirred, stirring搅/搅拌/搅动;轻轻地移动/挪动;离开/移动;激发/激起/激励

    3. rob, robbed, robbed,robbing抢劫/抢夺/打劫

    rub, rubbed, rubbed, rubbing擦/摩擦;揉/搓;蹭;磨损/磨痛;涂/抹/搽

    sob, sobbed, sobbed, sobbing抽咽,啜泣,呜咽;哭诉/呜咽着说

    clap, clapped, clapped, clapping拍(手)/鼓(掌)

    nap, napped, napped, napping(在白天)小睡,打盹

    be caught napping(非正式)没有防备,一不留神

    slap, slapped, slapped, slapping用巴掌打,掴;重重地放下;拍击

    tap, tapped, tapped, tapping(用手指)轻拍/轻叩/轻敲;打节拍(用手或脚)

    trap, tapped, tapped, tapping困住/使陷于危险中;陷于困境;迫使进入;使中计

    wrap, wrapped, wrapped, wrapping

    (用布、纸等)包/裹(某物);(用手臂、腿或手指)围住(某物)

    dip, dipped, dipped, dipping蘸/浸;(使)下降/下落;减少/降低

    drip, dripped, dripped, dripping滴/漏(水);滴下/沥下

    ship, shipped, shipped, shipping(用船、飞机、卡车等)运送;遣送(某人)/将某人送往

    skip, skipped, skipped, skipping

    不做(本应做或常做的事);略过/跳过;跳换(话题);跳绳;蹦跳着走

    slip, slipped, slipped, slipping滑到/失足;溜走/悄悄地走;滑落/脱落

    step, stepped, stepped, stepping跨步/迈步/踏;踩

    tip, tipped, tipped, tipping(使)倾斜/侧倾;倾倒/倒出;给小费/付小账

    trip, tripped, tripped, tripping绊倒;把(某人)绊倒;触动(开关)

    drop, dropped, dropped, dropping

    让(某物)落下;空投/扔(炸弹等);掉下/落下;

    降低/减少;剔除/把...除名;停止/放弃

    mop, mopped, mopped, mopping用拖把拖(地板);擦干(脸);擦掉/抹掉(液体)

    pop, popped, popped, popping突然(出人意料)地从(某物)中出来,蹦出/离开/脱落

    shop, shoppped, shopped, shopping去(商店)买东西(购物)

    stop, stopped, stopped, stopping(使)停止/停下来;终止;中止/暂时停下来;防止/阻止

    top, topped, topped, topping

    (数量)高于/超过;居于...之首/处于...的最高位置;优于/胜过/盖过

    4. ban, banned, banned, banning禁止/取缔(相当于prohibit)

    begin, began, begun, beginning开始/着手;(以...)开始(with)

    pin, pinned, pinned, pinning把...别住/钉住,固定住;按住/压住/使不能动

    plan, planned, planned, planning计划/筹划/策划;打算;设计(=design)

    run, ran, run, running

    跑;参加(赛跑);组织/管理/经营;行驶;运转/开动;录音;刊登/播放

    spin, spun, spun, spinning(使)快速旋转;飞驰/疾驰;旋干/使脱水

    win, won, won, winning获胜/赢;赢得/获得(奖品)

    swim, swam, swum, swimming游泳/游过;发昏/眩晕;晃动/旋转

    5. bid, bid, bid, bidding(尤指拍卖时)出(价);投标(竞争)

    bid, bade/bid, bid/badden, bidding命令/吩咐

    forbid, forbade, forbidden, forbidding禁止/不许(=permit);(正式)阻止/妨碍

    rid, rid, rid, ridding

    rid sb/sth of sth(书面)使摆脱掉/使除掉

    nod, nodded, nodded, nodding(尤指表示赞同或理解而)点头,(也指打招呼或示意)

    bet, bet, bet, betting下赌注/与...打赌

    I bet, I’ll bet我敢肯定/我敢保证;我相信/我想得出;我才不相信

    You bet! 的确!

    forget, forgot, forgotten, forgetting忘记/遗忘;忘掉;不再想

    get, (英式)got, got,(美式got, gotten), getting

    收到/接到;获得/得到;带来/去取/去拿;买/购买;挣得/赚得;经历;患上/得(病)

    let, let, let, letting让/允许;任由...发生

    net, netted, netted, netting(非正式)净获/净赚;击/踢(球)入网;用网捕(鱼)

    pet, petted, petted, petting抚摸,抚弄

    regret, regretted, regretted, regretting后悔(做了某事);对...感到遗憾/抱歉

    set, set, set, setting(小心地)放置/放下;以...为背景;使...开始;确定/安排(某事)

    upset, upset, upset, upsetting使心烦意乱/生气;打翻/弄翻;打败(实力远胜自己的对手)

    wet, wet, wet, 或wetted, wetted, wetting把(某物)弄湿;尿湿

    babysit, babysat, babysat, babysitting(临时受雇代外出的父母)照料(小孩)

    fit, fitted, fitted, fitting(英)(疾病)发作/突发

    fit, fitted, fitted, fitting合身;合适;装进/可容纳;装入/拼入;符合/适合

    hit, hit, hit, hitting打/击;撞疼;击打;按/摁;攻击/袭击;打击/侵袭;遇到/碰到(问题)

    knit, kitted, kitted, kitting

    knit sb/sth out/up向...提供必需的装备

    quit, quit, quit或quitted, quitted, quitting

    (非正式)离开(工作岗位/学校等)离任/离校;

    (尤美)停止/戒除(做坏事或令人厌烦的事)

    sit, sat, sat, sitting坐;坐下;位于/坐落在/处于

    spit, spat, spat, spitting吐口水/吐唾沫;吐/唾(血,酒等);(英式)下小雨

    split, split, split, splitting

    (团体中的人)产生分歧/分裂;分割;裂开/撕开/断裂;均分/分配

    admit, admitted, admitted, admitting

    (勉强)承认/赞同;承认(过错,尤指罪行);允许...进入;接受...入院/收治

    permit, permitted, permitted, permitting

    (尤指根据正式决定、规章、法律)允许/准许/许可;(使)成为可能

    submit, submitted, submitted, submitting

    呈送/提交/呈递(计划等);

    (正式,尤指无可选择时)同意服从/遵守;(正式,法律)建议/主张

    transmit, transmitted, transmitted, transmitting

    传输/发送/传送(电子信号、信息等);(正式)传送/传递/传播

    cut, cut, cut, cutting消减/裁减/减少;切/割/剪;修剪;删剪/缩短;凿/挖/刻;划破

    put, put, put, putting放/放置;说/表达

    shut, shut, shut, shutting关上/合上;关闭;关门/停止营业

    chat, chatted, chatted, chatting闲聊/闲谈/聊天(=chat away)

    pat, patted, patted, patting轻拍(尤为给予安慰)

    spot, spotted, spotted, spotting发现/注意到;看出/认出

    rot, rotted, rotted, rotting(使)腐败/腐烂

    dot, dotted, dotted, dotting在(某物上方/上面)加点;点/点缀

    knot, knotted, knotted, knotting使打结/使缠结;(头发、线等)交缠

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